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 The Bhagavata Purana in Book 11, chapter 31 states that after his death, Krishna returned to his transcendent abode directly because of his yogic concentration. It is a form of bhakti yoga, one of three types of yoga discussed by Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita. Alanna Kaivalya (2014), Sacred Sound: Discovering the Myth and Meaning of Mantra and Kirtan, New World. Various texts such as the Mahabharata, the Bhagavad Gita, the Harivamsa, and the Puranas describe the … To save the world, Vasudeva-Krishna has to forsake the non-violence principle and kill the Prati-Vasudeva. He is worshipped as the eighth avatar of Vishnu and also as the supreme God in his own right. , Alternate icons of Krishna show him as a baby (Bala Krishna, the child Krishna), a toddler crawling on his hands and knees, a dancing child, or an innocent-looking child playfully stealing or consuming butter (Makkan Chor), holding Laddu in his hand (Laddu Gopal) or as a cosmic infant sucking his toe while floating on a banyan leaf during the Pralaya (the cosmic dissolution) observed by sage Markandeya.  Krishna's lila is a theology of love-play. Around 5000 years ago in modern day India, was the kingdom of Mathura (The city of Mathura still exists in the state of Uttar Pradesh and is one of the most famous destinations for pilgrims and tourists ).  According to Bopearachchi, the headdress on top of the deity is actually a misrepresentation of a shaft with a half-moon parasol on top (chattra).  The Bhagavata Purana consists of twelve books subdivided into 332 chapters, with a cumulative total of between 16,000 and 18,000 verses depending on the version. Krishna Birth – 18 th July 3228 BCE Lord Krishna went to Vaikuntha – 18 th February 3102 BCE (the start of Kali Yuga ) According to above time lines Lord Krishna lived for 126 years and 5 months. Lord Krishna was the eighth child born to Goddess Devika, it is celebrated on the eighth night of the dark fortnight of the month of Bhadrapada …  Rather, either his childhood or the life as a king and Arjuna's companion have been more favored. ", Lavanya Vemsani states that Krishna can be inferred to have lived between 3227 BCE – 3102 BCE from the Puranas. Additionally, the inscription includes a Krishna-related verse from chapter 11.7 of the Mahabharata stating that the path to immortality and heaven is to correctly live a life of three virtues: self-temperance (damah), generosity (cagah or tyaga), and vigilance (apramadah). Panchang data shows that on 18th July 3228 BCE during Nishita or Hindu midnight both Ashtami Tithi and Rohini Nakshatra were prevailing.  The Jataka tale also includes internecine destruction among his siblings after they all get drunk.  Regional variations in the iconography of Krishna are seen in his different forms, such as Jaganatha in Odisha, Vithoba in Maharashtra, Shrinathji in Rajasthan and Guruvayoorappan in Kerala.  In southern India, Purandara Dasa and Kanakadasa of Karnataka composed songs devoted to the Krishna image of Udupi. After visiting various places, they visited Dwaraka to meet Lord Krishna and Balarama.The Yadavas, which included Bhodakas, Vrishnis, Kekeyas and Andakas, who were once virtuous devotees of Krishna, had lost their sense of culture and discipline and had become a little … Thereafter Pandavas rise. Story of Krishna’s Birth. Birth of Lord Krishna.  They share the basic storyline but vary significantly in their specifics, details, and styles. Similarly, after dying from the hunter Jara's arrow, the Jaina texts state Krishna goes to the third hell in Jain cosmology, while his brother is said to go to the sixth heaven. The sources state that Lord Krishna was born when the Moon was in Prajapati’s constellation which is the Nakshatra of Rohini. , The earliest text containing detailed descriptions of Krishna as a personality is the epic Mahabharata, which depicts Krishna as an incarnation of Vishnu. Shri Krishna Janmashtami 2021 Date in India Krishna Janmashtami, also known simply as Janmashtami or Gokulashtami, is an annual Hindu festival that celebrates the birth of Krishna, the eighth avatar of Vishnu. The Harivamsa, a later appendix to the Mahabharata contains a detailed version of Krishna's childhood and youth. The philosophy of the Bhagavata is a mixture of Vedanta terminology, Samkhyan metaphysics, and devotionalized Yoga praxis. , The maha-mantra gained the attention of George Harrison and John Lennon of The Beatles fame, and Harrison produced a 1969 recording of the mantra by devotees from the London Radha Krishna Temple. Two Puranas, the Bhagavata Purana and the Vishnu Purana, contain the most elaborate telling of Krishna's story, but the life stories of Krishna in these and other texts vary, and contain significant inconsistencies. Mistaking Krishna for a pig, Jara throws a spear that fatally pierces his feet, causing Krishna great pain and then his death.. , Megasthenes, a Greek ethnographer and an ambassador of Seleucus I to the court of Chandragupta Maurya towards the end of 4th century BCE, made reference to Herakles in his famous work Indica. The birth date of Sri Krishna as noted by Dr. B. V. Raman is 19th July 3228 BC, with the positions of planets being exactly same as on this website. Baby Krishna. Lord Vishnu’s birth on the earth as Krishna has a deep and internal meaning in itself. presented in a conference in 2004 by a group of archaeologists, religious scholars, and astronomers from Somnath Trust of Gujarat, which was organized at Prabhas Patan, the supposed location of the where Krishna spent his last moments, fixes the death of Sri Krishna on 18 February 3102 BCE at the age of 125 years and 7 months. According to Jeffery D. Long, a professor of religion known for his publications on Jainism, this connection between Krishna and Neminatha has been a historic reason for Jains to accept, read, and cite the Bhagavad Gita as a spiritually important text, celebrate Krishna-related festivals, and intermingle with Hindus as spiritual cousins. Lord Krishna consoles him and tells him how his death was inevitable. Johannes de Kruijf and Ajaya Sahoo (2014), Indian Transnationalism Online: New Perspectives on Diaspora. It is dated to the 1st century CE and mentions the five Vrishni heroes, otherwise known as Saṃkarṣaṇa, Vāsudeva, Pradyumna, Aniruddha, and Samba. In other temples, the important Krishnalila episodes are depicted on large brick panels above the entrance arches or on the walls surrounding the entrance. Krishna Janmashtami 2020 will … Lord Krishna has many incarnations. , In other icons, he is a part of battlefield scenes of the epic Mahabharata. , Baháʼís believe that Krishna was a "Manifestation of God", or one in a line of prophets who have revealed the Word of God progressively for a gradually maturing humanity. Krishna Janmashtami is a festival commemorating the birth of Lord Krishna.  Devotees of Krishna subscribe to the concept of lila, meaning 'divine play', as the central principle of the universe. , The inscriptional record for Vāsudeva starts in the 2nd century BCE with the coinage of Agathocles and the Heliodorus pillar, but the name of Krishna appears rather later in epigraphy.  A paper[which?]  Shatapatha Brahmana and Aitareya-Aranyaka associate Krishna with his Vrishni origins. Christophe Jaffrelot (1998), The Hindu Nationalist Movement in India, Columbia University Press, sfn error: multiple targets (3×): CITEREFFlood1996 (. Benjamin E. Zeller (2010), Prophets and Protons, New York University Press. Many thousands of years ago, Mother Earth implored the God of Creation Lord Brahma to summon the Supreme Lord Vishnu to descend to this distressed planet in order to restore religious principles to a warring civilization. Pâṇ. , The anecdotes and narratives of Krishna's life are generally titled as Krishna Leela. It should be noted that team of DrikPanchang found 18th July 3228 BCE as birthdate of Lord Krishna from majority of sources from Internet and our team just ran DrikPanchang software to get Panchang data for this historical day. Here is the 2021 date of Krishna Janmashtami in India: Janmashtami 2021 Date: 30th August 2021. Dahi Handi is a famous sportive event organized in the cities of Maharashtra and Goa.  The Bhagavata Purana manuscripts also exist in many versions, in numerous Indian languages. So, he has now reaped the price for the same through Jara who was king Vaali in his previous birth.  Vāsudeva and Krishna fused to become a single deity, which appears in the Mahabharata, and they start to be identified with Vishnu in the Mahabharata and the Bhagavad Gita. ML Varadpande (1987), History of Indian Theatre, Vol 1, Abhinav.  The Vidhurapandita Jataka mentions Madhura (Sanskrit: Mathura), the Ghata Jataka mentions Kamsa, Devagabbha (Sk: Devaki), Upasagara or Vasudeva, Govaddhana (Sk: Govardhana), Baladeva (Balarama), and Kanha or Kesava (Sk: Krishna, Keshava). Krishna's life is presented as a cosmic play (Lila), where his youth is set as a princely life with his foster father Nanda portrayed as a king. Trésor de monnaies indiennes et indo-grecques d'Aï Khanoum (Afghanistan).  The relief shows at one end a seven-hooded Naga crossing a river, where a makara crocodile is thrashing around, and at the other end a person seemingly holding a basket over his head. , The bhakti movements devoted to Krishna became prominent in southern India in the 7th to 9th centuries CE. , The ancient Sanskrit grammarian Patanjali in his Mahabhashya makes several references to Krishna and his associates found in later Indian texts.  Gitagovinda of Jayadeva considers Krishna to be the supreme lord while the ten incarnations are his forms.  According to Dennis Hudson, this is a metaphor where each of the eight wives signifies a different aspect of him. Several statues made according to these guidelines are in the collections of the Government Museum, Chennai. Maurice Winternitz (1981), History of Indian Literature, Vol. It is his deeds and his words that provide a great deal of knowledge and wisdom to human beings for the entire period of their life.  Today the faith has a significant following outside of India as well. Story of Lord Krishna’s Birth In Mahabharata September 30, 2019 by Team Jothishi Krishna or Lord Krishna was the eighth incarnation of Lord Vishnu. Swaminarayan, the founder of the Swaminarayan Sampraday, also worshipped Krishna as God himself. He is sometimes accompanied by cows or a calf, which symbolise the divine herdsman Govinda.  Madhvacharya, a Hindu philosopher whose works led to the founding of Haridasa sect of Vaishnavism, presented Krishna in the framework of dualism (Dvaita).  Differing in some details, the fifth book of the Vishnu Purana moves away from Harivamsa realism and embeds Krishna in mystical terms and eulogies.  The most original composition, the Harivamsa is told in a realistic style that describes Krishna's life as a poor herder but weaves in poetic and allusive fantasy. The birth of Lord Krishna took place when the various planets were in auspicious places. Upon arrival at the battlefield and seeing that the enemies are his family, his grandfather, and his cousins and loved ones, Arjuna is moved and says his heart will not allow him to fight and kill others. Janmashtami, the birth anniversary of Lord Krishna, is celebrated in various parts of the country with great enthusiasm. Barbara Holdrege (2015), Bhakti and Embodiment, Routledge, Krishna in the Bhagavad Gita, by Robert N. Minor in. Lord Ram Birth Date When was Lord Ram born this is the question which a lot of Hindus want to know and in this post, we will try to find the birth date of Shri Ram. Also known as Goddess Radhika, Radha is considered to be an avatar of Goddess Mahalakshmi in some mythological scriptures.  According to George Williams, Vaishnava texts mention all Gopis as wives of Krishna, but this is spiritual symbolism of devotional relationship and Krishna's complete loving devotion to each and everyone devoted to him. The birth anniversary of Lord Krishna, this festival is celebrated on the eight day of the Krishna Paksha of the month Shravan (August – September), according to Hindu calendar. Even those who could not physically be there join him through meditation. The legends about Krishna's life are called Krishna charitas (IAST: Kṛṣṇacaritas).. The effort revealed the brick foundations of a much larger ancient elliptical temple complex with a sanctum, mandapas, and seven additional pillars. Check here the date of Krishna … :253–261, Krishna legends then describe his return to Mathura. It is celebrated as birthday of Lord Krishna. , The deity Krishna-Vasudeva (kṛṣṇa vāsudeva "Krishna, the son of Vasudeva Anakadundubhi") is historically one of the earliest forms of worship in Krishnaism and Vaishnavism.  Thereafter, there was an amalgamation of various similar traditions. Krishna plays his flute and the gopis come immediately, from whatever they were doing, to the banks of the Yamuna River and join him in singing and dancing. , Krishna and his siblings' capital becomes Dvaravati. God of Protection, Compassion, Tenderness and Love ; Krishna iconography appears in many versions across India. In each age of the Jain cyclic time is born a Vasudeva with an elder brother termed the Baladeva.  Krishna's birthday is celebrated every year by Hindus on Krishna Janmashtami according to the lunisolar Hindu calendar, which falls in late August or early September of the Gregorian calendar.  Madhusudana Sarasvati, an India philosopher, presented Krishna theology in nondualism-monism framework (Advaita Vedanta), while Adi Shankara, who is credited for unifying and establishing the main currents of thought in Hinduism, mentioned Krishna in his early eighth-century discussions on Panchayatana puja.. , Across the various theologies and philosophies, the common theme presents Krishna as the essence and symbol of divine love, with human life and love as a reflection of the divine. One common scene involves Krishna playing flute in rasa Leela, only to be heard by certain gopis (cowherd maidens), which is theologically supposed to represent divine call only heard by certain enlightened beings.  Early Bhakti pioneers include Nimbarka (12th or 13th century CE), but most emerged later, including Vallabhacharya (15th century CE) and (Lord Sri Chaitanya Mahaprabhu.  Krishna theology is presented in a pure monism (advaita, called shuddhadvaita) framework by Vallabha Acharya, who was the founder of Pushti sect of vaishnavism.  According to John Guy, the curator and director of Southeast Asian arts at the Metropolitan Museum of Art, the Krishna Govardhana art from 6th/7th-century Vietnam at Danang, and 7th-century Cambodia at Phnom Da cave in Angkor Borei, are some of the most sophisticated of this era. Krishna then advises him about the nature of life, ethics, and morality when one is faced with a war between good and evil, the impermanence of matter, the permanence of the soul and the good, duties and responsibilities, the nature of true peace and bliss and the different types of yoga to reach this state of bliss and inner liberation. For example, Archer states that the coincidence of the two names appearing together in the same Upanishad verse cannot be dismissed easily. Janmashtami 2021 Puja Duration: 00 Hours 45 Mins.  Vaishnavas accept many incarnations of Vishnu, but Krishna is particularly important. Ahmadiyya, a 20th-century Islamic movement, consider Krishna as one of their ancient prophets. 3. PV Kane, History of Sanskrit Poetics, Motilal Banarsidass, Graham Schweig ( 2007), Encyclopedia of Love in World Religions (Editor: Yudit Kornberg Greenberg), Volume. After Duryodhana's death, Krishna visits Gandhari to offer his condolences when Gandhari and Dhritarashtra visited Kurukshetra, as stated in Stree Parva. He is a central character in the Mahabharata, the Bhagavata Purana and the Bhagavad Gita, and is mentioned in many Hindu philosophical, theological, and mythological texts. Lord Krishna went to Vaikuntha – 18th February 3102 BCE (the start of Kali Yuga). The Jain texts state that Neminatha taught Krishna all the wisdom that he later gave to Arjuna in the Bhagavad Gita. In the Deccan, particularly in Maharashtra, saint poets of the Warkari sect such as Dnyaneshwar, Namdev, Janabai, Eknath, and Tukaram promoted the worship of Vithoba, a local form of Krishna, from the beginning of the 13th century until the late 18th century. At midnight on the birth date of Lord Krishna, his small idols are bathed, wiped with cloth and arranged in a cradle.  The Heliodorus pillar inscriptions and the temple are among the earliest known evidence of Krishna-Vasudeva devotion and Vaishnavism in ancient India.  The Heliodorus pillar site was fully excavated by archaeologists in the 1960s. Dahi Handi is celebrated on the next day of Krishna Janmashtami.  The tenth book of the text, which contains about 4,000 verses (~25%) and is dedicated to legends about Krishna, has been the most popular and widely studied part of this text. , The Heliodorus Pillar, a stone pillar with a Brahmi script inscription was discovered by colonial era archaeologists in Besnagar (Vidisha, central Indian state of Madhya Pradesh). It was he who eliminated a tyrant like Kansa, his maternal uncle and it was he, who gave us the Bhagavad Gita. His iconography typically depicts him with black, dark, or blue skin, like Vishnu.  Gopis are considered as Lakshmi's or Radha's manifestations. It is also known as Dehotsarga, states Diana L. Eck, a term that literally means the place where Krishna "gave up his body".  Krishna-related literature has inspired numerous performance arts such as Bharatanatyam, Kathakali, Kuchipudi, Odissi, and Manipuri dance. It allegorically raises through Krishna and Arjuna the ethical and moral dilemmas of human life, then presents a spectrum of answers, weighing in on the ideological questions on human freedoms, choices, and responsibilities towards self and towards others. The story of Krishna’s birth is a classic tale of good triumphing over evil.  The mantra of the Upanishad thus helped bring Bhaktivedanta and ISKCON ideas about Krishna into the West. Based on scripture details and astrological calculations the date of Krishna's birth is 18 th July 3228 BCE and date of Krishna's death, when Lord Krishna returned to His … These are dated to the 9th century CE. , Many Puranas, mostly compiled during the Gupta period (4-5th century CE), tell Krishna's life story or some highlights from it. For other uses, see. Greetings on Janmashtami! In this way, Krishna shares an exalted station with Abraham, Moses, Zoroaster, Buddha, Muhammad, Jesus, the Báb, and the founder of the Baháʼí Faith, Bahá'u'lláh.. , The first known depiction of the life of Krishna himself comes relatively late with a relief found in Mathura, and dated to the 1st-2nd century CE.  In some texts, his skin is poetically described as the color of Jambul (Jamun, a purple-colored fruit). The terms Krishnaism and Vishnuism have sometimes been used to distinguish the two, the former implying that Krishna is the transcendent Supreme Being. See Jerome H. Bauer "Hero of Wonders, Hero in Deeds: Siddiq & Ahmad (1995), Enforced Apostasy: Zaheeruddin v. State and the Official Persecution of the Ahmadiyya Community in Pakistan, Law & Inequality, Volume 14, pp. Boehtlingk and Rien, p. 128, and Barnett's translation of the Antagada Dasāo, pp. A year later in 1966, after gaining many followers, he was able to form the International Society for Krishna Consciousness (ISKCON), popularly known as the Hare Krishna movement. So to keep Lord Krishna happy on the day of Janmashtami correct guidance is needed. In the biographies of Chaitanya Mahaprabhu, the mantra he received when he was given diksha or initiation in Gaya was the six-word verse of the Kali-Santarana Upanishad, namely "Hare Krishna Hare Krishna, Krishna Krishna Hare Hare; Hare Rama Hare Rama, Rama Rama Hare Hare".  However, ancient and medieval reliefs and stone-based arts depict him in the natural color of the material out of which he is formed, both in India and in southeast Asia. The Hathibada Ghosundi Inscriptions, all located in the state of Rajasthan and dated by the modern methodology to the 1st century BCE, mention Saṃkarṣaṇa and Vāsudeva, also mention that the structure was built for their worship in association with the supreme deity Narayana. 14 Dec 1971 is the correct date of birth of Kalki as per Birth Certificate registered with number 385/1971 on 14 Dec 1971. , Krishna is often depicted wearing a peacock-feather wreath or crown, and playing the bansuri (Indian flute).  Neminatha is believed in the Jain tradition to have been born 84,000 years before the 9th-century BCE Parshvanatha, the twenty-third tirthankara.  This fragment seems to be showing Vasudeva, Krishna' father, carrying baby Krishna in a basket across the Yamuna. This spirit has been evident in the working of all our Corona warriors. See Bhandarkar, Vaishnavism and Śaivism, p. Hemacandra Abhidhânacintâmani, Ed. The artwork also has an inscription with it in Kharosthi script, which has been deciphered by scholars as Rama-Krsna, and interpreted as an ancient depiction of the two brothers Balarama and Krishna.  In one version of the Krishna story, as narrated by Shanta Rao, Krishna after Kamsa's death leads the Yadavas to the newly built city of Dwaraka. Lord Krishna was born during Dvapara Yuga out of four cyclic Yugas described in Hindu scriptures. Krishna befriends Arjuna and the other Pandava princes of the Kuru kingdom. These are dated to about the 7th and 8th century, from both the Funan and Zhenla periods archaeological sites. , Around 180 BCE the Indo-Greek king Agathocles issued some coinage bearing images of deities that are now interpreted as being related to Vaisnava imagery in India.  According to Andre Couture, the Harivamsa contributed to the synthesis of various characters as aspects of Krishna. Human love is God's love.  However, the exact relationship between Krishna and Vishnu is complex and diverse, with Krishna sometimes considered an independent deity and supreme. If we had Gregorian calendar at the time of Lord Krishna's birth it would had been 23rd June -3227 on Gregorian calendar. Krishna worship or reverence has been adopted by several new religious movements since the 19th century, and he is sometimes a member of an eclectic pantheon in occult texts, along with Greek, Buddhist, biblical, and even historical figures. When Krishna is born, Vasudeva secretly carries the infant Krishna away across the Yamuna and exchanges him.
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